By 1860, six African-American families settled in the Cheyenne Valley. These farmers used the fertile soil of the valley to grow their crops and the grassy areas to feed their livestock. The settler families always had food to eat: they raised pigs for pork, sheep for meat and clothing, and cattle provided both meat and milk. Beside corn, many of the settlers raised wheat, oats, barley, potatoes, and cabbage. The forested areas offered fruits, nuts, and roots, as well as bear, deer, and grouse to provide variety in the settlers diet.